Audios Inglés Tema 8


12. Question: What is the weather like? (Pág.123)

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Sol, sun: It’ s a sunny day. -The sun is shining. - Hace un día soleado....

Lluvia, rain: It is raining. - It’s rainy (the weather). - Está lloviendo.

Frío, cold: It’s very cold. - Hace mucho frío.

Calor, hot: It is really hot! - It’s really warm. - ¡Qué calor hace!

Cielo, sky: The sky is grey, take the umbrella, just in case. - El cielo está gris, coge el paraguas por si acaso.

Nubes, clouds: Look at these clouds! It’s going to rain, I am sure. - ¡Mira esas nubes! Va a llover, estoy seguro.

Viento, wind: What a windy day! - ¡Qué viento hace!

Niebla, fog: What a foggy day! - ¡Qué día más nublado!

Tormenta, storm: The weather is stormy. - Hay tormenta.

Chaparrón, shower: There will be showers in the afternoon. - Caerán chaparrones por la tarde.

Arcoiris, rainbow: “Over the Rainbow” is a famous song.- “Sobre el arcoiris” es una famosa canción.

Granizo, hail: The hail storm spoilt the harvest. - La tormenta de granizo arruinó la cosecha.

Nieve, snow: It is freezing! I think It’s going to snow tonight. - ¡Hace un frío “que pela”! Creo que esta noche va a nevar.

Invierno, winter: In winter, we plant potatoes. - En invierno plantamos las patatas.

Primavera, spring: We have the exams in spring. -Tenemos los exámenes en primavera.

Verano, summer: I usually go to the beach in summer. - Normalmente, voy a la playa en verano.

Otoño, autumn: He loves tree colours in autumn. - Le encantan los colores de los árboles en otoño.

Calentamiento global, global warming.

Efecto invernadero, greenhouse effect.

Cambio climático, climate change.





13. Vocabulario party (Pág. 124)

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bar
bar, pub

amigos
friends

amigote
buddy

gente (mucha)
people/many people

alegría, diversión
joy, fun

pasarlo en grande
to have a ball

talla
to bring

botella
bottle

pedir
to ask for, to order

cerveza
beer

vino (vaso de vino)
wine/a glass of wine

hablar, charlar
to talk

reir
to laugh





14. Diálogo. (pág. 124)

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— Sarah: Hello, excuse me, is this seat taken?
— You: No, go ahead.
— S: Would you mind if I sat down here?
— Y: No, of course not, please.
— S: My name is Sarah.Nice to meet you .
— Y: Hi Sarah, I am Verónica, pleased to meet you too.
— S: Would you like to have something? I’m going to order a beer.
— Y: Yes, a glass of red wine, please.Thank you.
(After five minutes)
— S: Here you are. Your glass of wine and my beer. There are many people inside. I think Franz has invited all of his friends.
— Y: That’s fantastic! We are having a ball, you will see.




15. Vocabulario shopping (Pág. 126)

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tienda
shop

tienda de ropa/zapatos
clothes shop/shoes shop

mercería
draper’s

dependiente
shop assistant

precio
price

dinero suelto
cash

talla
size

ticket, receta (farmacia)
receipt

mostrador
counter

bolsa (de plástico/de papel)
bag (plastic bag/paper bag)

carrito
trolley

oferta
offer

gratis
free

ganga
bargain

descuento
discount





16. Verbos shopping (Pág.127)

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Y unos cuantos verbos para salir del paso:

Ir de compras, to go shopping

Comprar, to buy: I’ll buy it. - Me lo compro.

Costar, valer, to cost: How much is it cost? - ¿Cuánto vale?

Ir a mirar (sólo), to go window-shopping: Práctica habitual entre los "sin-pasta"

Vender, to sell

Hacer cola, to queue: muy típico en England

Gastar dinero, spend money

Para comprar la comida tenemos el...

Mercado, market

Tienda de comestibles, grocer’s

Tienda de verduras (y fruta), greengrocer’s

Pescadería, fishmonger’s

Panadería, bakery

Carnicería, butcher’s





17. Opciones de la historia (a-b-c) (Pág. 128)

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a. You have the opportunity to practise english. Great! It is a good opportunity. You don’t care if he is a freaky man...

b. You ignore him, and you keep reading the newspaper.You don’t speak to strangers.

c. You run away screaming and shouting he is going to rob you.

Now, if you have chosen the answer a, go to next page.
If you have chosen the answer b, go on reading;
and if you have chosen the answer c, sorry my friend, but the story is over, I am afraid you are too easily frightened... Escuchar




18. Respuesta b) (Pág. 128)

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Answer b:
Ok, you try to concentrate hardly on the reading, but it is impossible, you don’t understand anything, it is too complicated!
Thank goodness the newspaper has many pictures to distract you a little. The weird man, doesn’t stop looking at you all the time and you start feeling uncomfortable. Many bad thoughts come to your head and you start sweating.. In that moment you decide to get up and leave the park.
The man watches you in a sadly way when you walk away...




19. Respuesta a) (Pág. 129)

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— Hello.
— Hi –he answers–. It’s a lovely morning today.
— Yes it is, I thought it was always raining in England. But I was wrong.
— Everybody thinks that, but is not right in the south of England. Where do you come from? From Italy?
— No, I am from the North of Spain. The town is called Santander.
— Mmm, interesting. I went to Spain a couple of weeks ago.
— Really? And what were you doing there?
— Working. I was there because our company wants to close the factory in Spain and move to China, and I went to give them the bad news.
— Well, it was quite difficult your job.
— Yes, very dificult




20. Para expresar tu opinión: What do you think about...? + Ejemplos (Pág. 131)

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In my opinion (en mi opinión): In my opinion I think you should not do it. (En mi opinión, creo que no deberías hacerlo.)

From my point of view (desde mi punto de vista): From my point of view the Government could do many things more. (Desde mi punto de vista, el Gobierno podría hacer muchas más cosas.)

Personally (personalmente): Personally, I believe that is a mistake (Personalmente, creo que es un error.)

I don’t care about (no me importa, me trae sin cuidado): I don’t care about the political crisis in the European Union. (Me trae sin cuidado la crisis política de la Unión Europea.)

I don’t mind (me da igual): I don’t mind what you think. (Me da igual lo que pienses.)

I agree (estoy de acuerdo): You are right, I agree with you. (Tienes razón, estoy de acuerdo contigo.)

You are wrong, I can’t agree with you (estás equivocado, no estoy de acuerdo contigo).

I couldn’t agree more with you (no podría estar más de acuerdo contigo).

I am dead against (estoy totalmente en contra). I am dead against your racist theory (estoy totalmente en contra de tu teoría racista).

I am fed up with (estoy harto de): I am fed up with you. (Estoy harto de ti.)

I doubt (dudo): I doubt if going tonight or going tomorrow. (Dudo si ir esta noche o ir mañana.)

I am convinced (estoy convencido): I am convinced I sent to you a message. (Estoy convencida de que te envié un mensaje.)

I am sure/I am certain (estoy seguro): I am sure you will do it very well. (Estoy seguro de que lo harás muy bien.)





21. Para disculparse de algo (Pág. 131)

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I am really sorry (lo siento mucho): I’m really sorry, but I can’t go tomorrow. (Lo siento mucho pero no puedo ir mañana.)

Apologize (pedir disculpas): I apologize for being late. (Pido disculpas por llegar tarde.)

Forgive me (perdóname): Forgive my behaviour yesterday. (Perdona mi comportamiento de ayer.)





22. Para expresar que algo te gusta (Pág. 132)

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I like + verb -ing (me gusta): I like reading (Me gusta leer).

I would like to + verb infinitive (me gustaría): I would like to go the cinema (Me gustaría ir al cine).

I love + verb -ing (me encanta): I love playing tennis (Me encanta jugar al tenis).

I am keen on + verb -ing (me gusta mucho): I am keen on swimming (Me gusta mucho nadar).

I enjoy + verb -ing (disfruto): I enjoy walking along the beach (Disfruto paseando por la playa).

My favourite (mi favorito): My favourite song is “Let it be” (Mi canción favorita es Let it be).





23. Para expresar que algo no te gusta (Pág. 132)

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I dislike/I don’t like + verb -ing (me disgusta): I dislike arrogant people (No me gusta la gente prepotente).

I hate + verb -ing (odio): I hate the annoying noisies (Odio los ruidos molestos).

I can’t stand + verb -ing (no puedo soportar): I can’t stand seeing how they are destroying the forest (No puedo soportar ver cómo están destruyendo el bosque).